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/* 
 * strtoul.c --
 *
 *	Source code for the "strtoul" library procedure.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1988 The Regents of the University of California.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, without written agreement and without
 * license or royalty fees, to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software and its documentation for any purpose, provided that the
 * above copyright notice and the following two paragraphs appear in
 * all copies of this software.
 * 
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR
 * DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT
 * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF THE UNIVERSITY OF
 * CALIFORNIA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 * AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  THE SOFTWARE PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS
 * ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA HAS NO OBLIGATION TO
 * PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
 */

#if !defined(lint)
static char rcsid[] = "$Header: /home/rick/work/rh/rh-3.0/t/RCS/strtoul.c,v 1.1 1994/01/12 19:40:20 rick Exp $ SPRITE (Berkeley)";
#endif /* not lint */

#include <ctype.h>

/*
 * The table below is used to convert from ASCII digits to a
 * numerical equivalent.  It maps from '0' through 'z' to integers
 * (100 for non-digit characters).
 */

static char cvtIn[] = {
    0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,		/* '0' - '9' */
    100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100,		/* punctuation */
    10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19,	/* 'A' - 'Z' */
    20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29,
    30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
    100, 100, 100, 100, 100, 100,		/* punctuation */
    10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19,	/* 'a' - 'z' */
    20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29,
    30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35};

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * strtoul --
 *
 *	Convert an ASCII string into an integer.
 *
 * Results:
 *	The return value is the integer equivalent of string.  If endPtr
 *	is non-NULL, then *endPtr is filled in with the character
 *	after the last one that was part of the integer.  If string
 *	doesn't contain a valid integer value, then zero is returned
 *	and *endPtr is set to string.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

unsigned long int
strtoul(string, endPtr, base)
    char *string;		/* String of ASCII digits, possibly
				 * preceded by white space.  For bases
				 * greater than 10, either lower- or
				 * upper-case digits may be used.
				 */
    char **endPtr;		/* Where to store address of terminating
				 * character, or NULL. */
    int base;			/* Base for conversion.  Must be less
				 * than 37.  If 0, then the base is chosen
				 * from the leading characters of string:
				 * "0x" means hex, "0" means octal, anything
				 * else means decimal.
				 */
{
    register char *p;
    register unsigned long int result = 0;
    register unsigned digit;
    int anyDigits = 0;

    /*
     * Skip any leading blanks.
     */

    p = string;
    while (isspace(*p)) {
	p += 1;
    }

    /*
     * If no base was provided, pick one from the leading characters
     * of the string.
     */
    
    if (base == 0)
    {
	if (*p == '0') {
	    p += 1;
	    if (*p == 'x') {
		p += 1;
		base = 16;
	    } else {

		/*
		 * Must set anyDigits here, otherwise "0" produces a
		 * "no digits" error.
		 */

		anyDigits = 1;
		base = 8;
	    }
	}
	else base = 10;
    } else if (base == 16) {

	/*
	 * Skip a leading "0x" from hex numbers.
	 */

	if ((p[0] == '0') && (p[1] == 'x')) {
	    p += 2;
	}
    }

    /*
     * Sorry this code is so messy, but speed seems important.  Do
     * different things for base 8, 10, 16, and other.
     */

    if (base == 8) {
	for ( ; ; p += 1) {
	    digit = *p - '0';
	    if (digit > 7) {
		break;
	    }
	    result = (result << 3) + digit;
	    anyDigits = 1;
	}
    } else if (base == 10) {
	for ( ; ; p += 1) {
	    digit = *p - '0';
	    if (digit > 9) {
		break;
	    }
	    result = (10*result) + digit;
	    anyDigits = 1;
	}
    } else if (base == 16) {
	for ( ; ; p += 1) {
	    digit = *p - '0';
	    if (digit > ('z' - '0')) {
		break;
	    }
	    digit = cvtIn[digit];
	    if (digit > 15) {
		break;
	    }
	    result = (result << 4) + digit;
	    anyDigits = 1;
	}
    } else {
	for ( ; ; p += 1) {
	    digit = *p - '0';
	    if (digit > ('z' - '0')) {
		break;
	    }
	    digit = cvtIn[digit];
	    if (digit >= base) {
		break;
	    }
	    result = result*base + digit;
	    anyDigits = 1;
	}
    }

    /*
     * See if there were any digits at all.
     */

    if (!anyDigits) {
	p = string;
    }

    if (endPtr != 0) {
	*endPtr = p;
    }

    return result;
}